Canteen Spoon is an offshoot of Canteen Cup. Canteen Cup was turned into KK4Z, a blog more geared to communications. When I split the two, I could not find a good domain name using Canteen Cup, so I went with CanteenSpoon.com.

The history of the name goes back to my Army days. During field operations one German Winter, I stopped by a neighboring platoon. While there I was offered some hot beef stew left over from lunch. One thing I learned was never turn down food because you never know when you will get your next meal. So I whipped out my canteen cup and received a generous half cup portion. The problem was there were no utensils. Trying to eat the stew using the tip up and tap method, left me wearing almost as much as I was eating. When I returned to my bivouac area, I dug into my rucksack, found my spoon, and stuck it in my canteen cover, behind my cup and canteen. Since that time, I am never without a canteen, cup, and spoon.

The above is an example of how real life teaches you a lesson. It also gives you the opportunity to approach the problem pragmatically and apply a simple fix. That one situation has often shaped how I approach problems. Similar to Occam’s Razor, that the simpler solutions is often the best, and in this blog, you will see a pragmatic approach to prepping. There is too much stuff out there, too much stuff telling you to buy too much stuff. To much fantasy (doom porn) that folks are turning into some sort of reality. Remember the KISS acronym, Keep it Simple, Stupid.

Thanks for stopping by and I hope you enjoy the blog. Where I live currently has poor internet service so I do not upload as many videos as I used to. Blogs like this and KK4Z.com are my bread and butter when it comes to getting information out. Stay safe.

The End of an Era

I have been writing, talking, and vlogging about prepping for 50 years. It’s time to hang up my hat. I am prepared and I am content with what I have. I will always be ready as that is my nature, but now is the time to pursue other venues. I am at the stage in my life where I am watching the setting sun and before the last scintilla of light disappears over the horizon, there are a few things I would like, no enjoy doing. This is not the end, but the beginning of a new stage in my life. For all of you still out there — Stay safe, Stay Secure. Scott

Fit To Fight

I’ve been busy these past couple of months doing a myriad of things. One prominent activity was getting back in shape.

Background. I have exercised on and off over the years since I left the US Army. My Blood Pressure almost always hovered around 120/80. When I left the Army I weighed about 175 lbs. Running 8 miles 3 times a week plus working 12-14 hours a day will do that to you. Since then, I have managed to get myself up to about 242 lbs. I never felt overweight, but the 40-42 inch waist was a good indicator that I was. I went to the doctor for a check-up at least once a year.

COVID. Last year around August-September, I contracted COVID. In general, I had a mild case and got over it fairly quickly. However, COVID is the gift that keeps on giving. In January of this year during my semi-annual check-up, my blood was elevated and I developed a heart murmur. A follow-up visit to the doctor revealed both conditions were persistent. I was referred to a cardiologist and told to exercise and lose weight. I have been healthy most of my life and managed to stay out of a hospital bed. It was a bit of a surprise to find these two conditions, but at 65, things stop working like they used to. Today, my blood pressure is down to normal and my current weight is 200 lbs. My waist size decreased from a size 40 to a size 36 (Army size was a 34). My journey from then to now is rather simple.

Philosophy. The concept is pretty simple. I needed to lose weight and exercise. I’ll tackle these separately.

Lose Weight. This is pretty simple on paper; eat fewer calories than you burn. There are all sorts of diets out there and I have tried quite a few of them but in reality, you need to eat less. How did I learn to eat less? I have an app on my phone called My Fitness Pal. I use the paid version which cost about $80 a year. That’s about what it cost to buy a month’s worth of fad diet foods. I pretty much eat what I want and just manage the calories. My Fitness Pal was a huge food database and a barcode scanner so you can point and click the food information right into the app using your phone’s camera. You can also enter the foods manually. The app also allows you to determine how much weight you wish to lose in a week. When I initially started, I chose 1.5 pounds a week. That meant if I didn’t exercise, I could eat about 1500 calories a day. On the days that I exercise I can eat about 1900-2000 calories a day and still lose weight. Having the app on your cell phone is important. I am more likely to have my phone with me than even my wallet. If I want to eat something, check the app to see how much the item is and if I can afford the calories. Yes, I occasionally have a milkshake or a cheeseburger, but I plan for it.

Exercise. Exercise is a function of quality and quantity. Let’s look at quality first. I define exercise quality as the amount of time spent with your heart rate within a certain zone. My zone for vigorous exercise is 119 to 144 heartbeats per min (bpm). To define your zone, use the formula found on the CDC website: https://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/basics/measuring/heartrate.htm I define exercise quantity as exercising at least 150 minutes per week. This is based upon the American Heart Association’s recommendation: https://www.heart.org/en/healthy-living/fitness/fitness-basics/aha-recs-for-physical-activity-in-adults. For me, my exercise plan is to exercise for a minimum of 150 minutes a week with my heart rate between 119 and 144 bpm. How do I do this? I walk. I walk 3 miles, 3-5 times a week, at a brisk pace (3.5-4.0 miles an hour). Over the past couple of weeks, I have added 20 lbs of weight in a backpack so I changed my activity from walking to rucking. It has slowed me down a little, but it is a better workout. More information about rucking can be found here: https://www.goruck.com/. What is important here is the accuracy of your speed, distance, and heart rate. I have had a lot of people tell me are walking 15-minute miles and when I ask them how they quantify that, they tell me they glance at the clock in their kitchen on the way out, the walk around the block, and the glance at the kitchen clock on the way back in. To gain the maximum benefit, you must be truthful with yourself, and you must be accurate.

Technology. The use of my cell phone to help me track my diet and exercise can not be understated. It is always with me and with a couple of jabs with my finger, the data is entered. While exercising, the phone counts my steps and with the built-in GPS, measures my distance and calculates my time. When I say I walk 3 miles in 48 minutes, I did indeed. Which platform you use is up to you. I have been using an iPhone, with an iWatch since 2018. Before that, I used Android for about 10 years. I feel the health apps and their integration is much better on the iPhone. But the important thing is to get out there and exercise.

We are indeed witnessing extraordinary events which may profoundly affect our lives. I believe we may be staring into the abyss of the unknown. Keeping yourself physically fit may be what saves you. Quit buying things, quit watching YouTube, quit reading survival forums, quit eating so much, and get out and exercise.

Hello and Some Truck Organization

I noticed that I have some new folks visiting my blog. Hello and welcome. Yesterday I added some tie-downs to my truck bed. One thing I noticed was when I loaded my truck bed the thing I needed the most was always at the front of the bed or at least far enough away that I had to climb in to get it. That and when things are thrown into the bed they take up more room than they need to. I decided to fix the problem by adding tie downs and a couple of plywood boxes.

For the tie-downs I decided to use L-track or what some call seat track. This is used a lot in aviation. It is a rather simple and robust way to secure cargo. It look like this.

Snapped into the track they look like this.

They attach and remove rather easily. They hold a good amount of weight. You can also get other accessories such as straps that can have either both ends L-track or one end with a hook. You can get L-track from here: https://www.cargoequipmentcorp.com/. The type of L-track I used is beveled on the sides to help me side things over the top. They stick up about a half inch fro the plywood floor.

To attach the L-track to the 3/4 inch plywood I used 5/16 x 1 countersunk bolts with Tee-nuts underneath.

I used 1″ bolts which allowed a flush fit with no additional trimming. Bolts and Tee-nuts can be found on Amazon. The finished floor looks like this.

Inside the truck it looks like this.

If you look toward the top of this next picture, you will see where I snapped in two of the beefier hooks.

I use these to help prevent the wood boxes from sliding around. I am not going to hook a strap to them. I have three rails and the plywood is 48″ across. In between the rails is approx. 21 inches. I made some plywood boxes to fit in between the rails. They are 20 X18 tall. One box is 48″ and one is 24″. I made the one box 48″ so it will also fit sideways in the truck bed.

Both boxes fit on one side and when I close the tailgate they are snug and do not need anymore securing.

If I want I could put the boxes side by side, turn the big box sideways and secure it to the front of the bed, ,or even take them both out. The boxes allow me more storage options with the ability to create more vertical storage, I can get more into my truck bed. Also by being able to side the boxes out, not everything has to be stored at the back of the bed. By only having two boxes, I still have room for longer things. This will definitely help when I go camping or I operate my radios in the field.


Over the past few weeks I have had the opportunity to talk with other preppers. The overarching feeling I get is that they seem to be “amped-up”. Worrying about things that will probably affect them minimally at most. Living at this heightened state of anxiety is not healthy and can lead to mental and physical maladies. Unchecked, it can lead to what some call “burnout” where the desire to continue to prep leaves you and can make you vulnerable to your initial concerns. Here are some of my thoughts about preventing burnout.

Lifestyle. Instead of treating prepping as a separate part of your life like a hobby, make it a part of your life. Make prepping your focus, not what your prepping for. The truth be told, and this is to the chagrin of people who are trying to sell you stuff that you absolutely need or you will die; is if you generally prep without care to what ever may cause you to use your preps, you will be prepared for 99 and 44/100ths of what you might face. Quit buying things and quit listening to people who want you to buy things. Grow a garden and enjoy the process. Take the bounty from your garden up put it up by canning it. Keep a well stocked pantry. It wasn’t that long ago that this is how normal people lived. Simple homesteading will get you by. Basically you should have 4 concerns: 1) do you have enough food? 2) do you have enough water? 3) can you maintain sanitary conditions? 4) can you defend you family. Stick to the basics.

TMI — too much information. People are spending too much time watching YouTube videos, reading different blogs, buying books, and buying things you need or you will die. I am always told I need to watch someone or read another book. I politely decline. I am considered a polymath; however, that doesn’t mean I go reading or watching everything under the sun. The saying jack of all trade, master of none applies here. I watch some videos, and I read some blogs. The key word is some, which should be construed as a few. I pick a few and stick with them. Too much time consuming media leaves little time to actually do something. I will tell you that I am busy. Between, running a homestead, practicing skills, and running a business, I don’t have time for someone to tell me what I need to buy.

I do not make any money off of this blog. I do my best not to encourage you to buy things. I do show you what is working for me, which may or may not work for you. In my house, prepping is a part of life. We live it 24/7. We do not worry about external events other than make sure our stores are where they need to be. When we go shopping, we automatically add items to the list. In other words, we no longer think about prepping as it has become a part of life, much like agrarian America was during the middle of the last century.

A final thought is get up and move. An important part of prepping is being as fit as you can be. Not only will being fit help you live longer, but will reduce some of that built up stress you have been harboring. Take this with a grain of salt. If you are older or are otherwise physically limited, you are not going to be able to compete with a 20 year old athlete. As you get older, things don’t work as well as they used to. If you do not know what fit for you looks like, go see a doctor. My fit today, does not look like my fit when I was in special operations. Stay safe and chill.

Flee Bag Level 2 and Level 3

As I said earlier, level 2 contains items to enhance level 1. They would be added to the level 1 kit if the threat environment increases to point where having to flee becomes a distinct possibility. In general, these items would probably remain right where they are; in a tub set aside for Flee Bag level 2 items. I will say this again because it is important: Don’t mix your flee bag items with the rest of the stuff you have accumulated. Keep it separate, and in a ready state. The time to go is the wrong time to try to decide which knife or pack you are going to bring. Be ready to grab it and go. Remember, a flee bag is not designed so you can march off into the wilderness like Jeremiah Johnson; it is to help you get from point A to point B. If you do not have a point B, stop what you re doing and get one (or more). Here are my level 2 items:
Datrex emergency rations
Goretex pants (I use the jacket so it is not packed)
Sawyer Water Filter
Insect Repellent
Repair Kit
Duct Tape
Rope Kit
6 Tent Stakes
1 pair of socks in a ziplock bag
1 pair of gloves
1 Shemaugh
1 minimal toilet kit

It is minimal, but it will get the job done. There are items not on the list and that’s okay. This is a DMR (daily minimum requirement) list. Remember, my expectation of having to actually flee is very low. I do have load plans for my vehicles which are very robust.

I do have a level 3. Basically, it’s a large gym bag with extra clothes, prepacked and ready to go. It has enough to keep me covered in the event I am leaving the house in my skives.

There you have it. A basic kit, that you can keep with you and be simple enough to keep up. Not keeping up with your equipment and your proficiency, can lead to terrible disappointment. Stay safe. Stay ready. Be an ant.

Flee Bag Level 1

This is my basic load, my everyday carry. I have this bag with me if I am leaving my neighborhood/community, when I am outside of my Area of Operations, or beyond the range of my support group.

My current pack is a 5.11 AMP12 with an admin panel. It’s about 25 liters. I like that it is non-tactical looking while still being sturdy. This pack with the basic load weighs just under 13 pounds. Here is a rundown on what’s inside.

E&E Bag. This is the core kit. If I had to “drop rucks”, this would be what I grab and go. The bag is contained in a Maxpedition Fatty Organizer. He is a list of the contents:

Bic Lighters
Ferro Rod/Magnesium Rod/Carbide Scraper
Magnifying Lens
Safety Pins
Pace Beads
Mylar Space Blanket
Dental Floss
Sailmakers Needle
USB Thumb Drive
Fishing Kit
Band Aids
Dude Wipes
Insect Repellent Wipes
Duct Tape
Reflective Tape
Whirly Pak Canteen
This kit covers all of the basics and weighs 2 pounds.
Water — I keep a stainless steel canteen with a cup and a spork.
First Aid — I carry a boo-boo kit and a blowout kit. I also keep Aleve and Chapstick in my admin pouch because I use them more.
Cell Phone Survival Kit — cables and chargers to keep my cell phone running. Even without cell service, I have maps, GPS, compass, and manuals I can still use. If I do manage to find some cell service, I can let friends and family know I am okay.
Headlamp and extra batteries — don’t leave home without one. The batteries I can recharge using the cell phone survival kit.
Maps — maps of the area and region, just in case.
My Little Green Book — a write in the rain where I keep pertinent data I have collected over the years.
Heavy Duty Space Blanket — I keep it in the Hydration/Laptop pocket. Multiple uses.
Contractor Trash Bag — multiple uses, lightweight

Admin Pouch — I list this separately as it’s kind of a catch all for miscellaneous items:
Professional Tools
Map Protractor
Spare pistol mag
Pepper Spray
Pen and Mechanical Pencil
AA Batteries
Sharpening Steel
Met RX bar or similar

This is my level 1 kit. It is light enough and small enough to not be a bother while it is still robust enough to handle most issues that may come about. I don’t have duplicates, I don’t have multiple bags. This is it, the one I use, the one I take care of of. In my next article, I will talk about level 2 and level 3.

Flee, Flee for your lives

My sons are spent. My life has ended. Rohan has deserted us. Theoden’s betrayed me. Abandon your posts! Flee, flee for your lives! — Denethor

Now that I have divested myself from the legend of the Bug out Bag (BoB), I can concentrate on what is really important. In general, where I live, it is highly unlikely that I will have to leave (Bug Out) my property. It is even less likely that I would have to do so with the clothes on my back so to speak. Not impossible, but not likely either.

Having returned to rational thought, I have reassessed my priorities and in particular, my Flee Bag. Part of the fervor surrounding BoB’s is commercialism. Commercialism is the psychology of buying things. Sellers induce you to buy things using psychology, to buy something even if you don’t need it; the “Buy this or you will Die” syndrome.

There are reoccurring issues with BoB’s. Because almost everyone suffers from some form of commercialism, their BoB’s are full of geegaw and widgets that someone else told them they needed. BoB’s then get bigger, heavier, and unwieldy to the point where they are relegated to the basement or the back of some closet. This can be a painful lesson when you are 100 miles from your home and you need that bag. Another issue is, most people have not marched or hiked under that load. While it feels okay standing or walking around in your living room. Out in the wild and possibly being pursued, is a different story. When I wore a younger man’s clothes, I carried 70 lb packs, and hiked up to 20 miles a day. Today I couldn’t do that. Lastly, many do not go through their packs even on a yearly basis, to make sure everything is up to snuff. Having a mouse eaten pack, or dead batteries after the SHFT is not good voodoo for anyone.

What do I do? Firstly, the majority of my resources go to maintaining my homestead. Making sure I can survive at home is my first priority. There is always plenty to do. When I was in the army, I was issued field gear collectively know as TA-50. We were issued one set per soldier. Depending on what the requirements of the day were would determine what was the uniform of the day. Some days it was the duty uniform, some days it was the duty uniform plus a web belt, canteen, and poncho. When we went to the field, we brought everything. We put together and broke apart pieces to suit the mission. I do the same with my flee bag. I have a basic load that I carry with me when I am away from my neighborhood/community, and I have a full load that I would take if I was fleeing. By being aware of what is going on around me, I can scale up or scale down by bag to meet mission requirements.

Stephen Covey, author of The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People, habit 2 was begin with the end in mind. I started my journey with pack size. I wanted a pack that I would take with me as a part of my Every Day Carry (EDC), but could scale up to a Flee Bag. Even though the bag would spend most of the time in the car, it still had to be light enough to not be a burden. Remember, too heavy, or too unwieldy, and it stays at home. That being said, I chose a pack size in the 25-35 liter range or approximately the size of a 3-day assault pack. Along with the pack, I have a tub which holds the gear that I am not currently carrying. Everything in the tub will fit in or on the pack — no extras. Extras are stored somewhere else. This allows me to go from a minimal load to a full load in a matter of minutes. THIS IS IMPORTANT! Keep your flee bag gear separate from all of your other gear. This allows you TO PACK AND GO WITHOUT THINKING. All of your decision making is already done. Here is an appropriate military adage Proper Planning Prevents Piss Poor Performance. The time to get your pack in order is now, not while you are under the gun. In addition, because your are carrying your pack on a semi-daily basis, you are touching it, using it, and therefore inspecting it. You have a greater probability of everything being in good working order when you need it.

My current basic load weighs less than 13 pounds and includes some professional tools I use to make a living with. In future article(s) I will give a packing list of the contents. Stay safe!


The prepper community comes with dogmas and it came by those dogmas honestly. Before we talk about those dogmas we need look at the communities heritage. Preppers and the prepper community is pretty much a product of the 21st Century. Y2K or Year 2000 may have been a player in the prepper evolution. For those that don’t know, or don’t remember, there was a computer software glitch that was going to bring the world to an end because the software was not set up to go from the 1900’s to the 2,000’s. This was discovered or at least publicly acknowledged in 1999. There were all sorts of doom and gloom predictions on how everything was going to come to a standstill. This encouraged people to prepare or prep for the upcoming disaster.

Prior to Y2K, there was the militia/survivalist movement. Individuals and groups that based their focus on survival and surviving the nuclear holocaust. They formed para-military groups, and focused on living off of the land. Contemporary to this movement was the movie “Red Dawn” (1984) and the book “Survival Guns” by Mel Tappen (1979). During this time, there was also a get back to land movement which gave rise to Mother Earth News and books by Helen and Scott Nearing. It was around this time that these movements started to be influenced by commercialism. Magazines, in edition to Mother Earth News, included Survival Magazine, and Soldier of Fortune. Today, prepping is big business with lots of money spent trying to get you to buy the “thing” you need or your will die.

Taking one more step back we had the Civil Defense movement which was a government project to help people prepare for nuclear attack by the USSR. Those of us old enough, remember scampering under our desks at school during an air raid drill. Some may remember their parents building fallout shelters in their back yards or basements. Larger businesses and hospitals had shelters that were stocked with food and supplies. Some of this movement was precipitated by the Russians installing nuclear armed missiles in Cuba just 90 miles from our shores. This was probably the closest we came to nuclear war. It was a 13 day standoff in October, 1962.

Prior to that was post world war two where the world was trying to return to a normal peaceful life. Recreation and leisure were the topics of the day. It was the time of the house with the white picket fence. Mr. Wilson’s biggest fear was Dennis the Menace.

This is a brief and incomplete timeline of the prepper community however, all or most of the high spots are covered. Like I said, we come by our dogmas honestly and the dogmas are promulgated today through some of the same avenues as yesteryear. Consumerism and fear. Fear can be healthy and buying things is not always bad; however, buying things because of fear that someone else is putting into your heart is. “Buy this or you will die!”

All I am saying, is prepping like anything else should be objectively looked at. Money for the most part, is a limited resource and should be used in a pragmatic manner. Shiny new gun, or 20 buckets of food? If you can’t shoot your shiny old gun, you aren’t going to be any better with a shiny new one.

One dogma that I find amusing and sad is the Bug Out Bag or BoB. Many folks build them to march off into the wilderness to survive and live off the land. Sometimes these things weigh in excess of 50-60 pounds and doesn’t include the weapon, ammo, and body armor they also plan on wearing. Many times these kits are built with large sums of money and then shoved in a closet. I have witnessed both in person and watching YouTube, someone going through their BoB and the pieces are either missing or falling apart because they haven’t checked it in years. What does a person do if the end of the world happens, they are 30 miles away at work; and their BoB is at home? If they have it with them, how far can they march with it?

I don’t have a BoB, I have a BoT or Bug Out Truck. If I have to Bug Out, I am loading the truck with as much as I can stuff in it and driving away. The probability of having a no notice Bug Out is very slim. Take a look at the Ukraine War, they had months to leave. I can pack and go in as little as an hour with 3-4 being optimal. What if I have a no notice Bug Out? I have a Flee Bag. It weighs 14 pounds and is small enough to take with me when I leave the neighborhood. If you are on foot with your BoB, it is likely that someone may be looking for you, and trying to evade with a heavy unwieldy pack will be difficult. I won’t be glamping, but I will have enough to get by; enough to get to point B. I go through my bag a couple of times a year.

So what am I doing now? I am continuing to prepare the homestead with every needful thing. I have increased my range time and verifying zero on my firearms. I am reviewing my fieldcraft skills, to include SERE, navigation, shelter creation and other survival skills. I have one book recommendation for Fleeing and that is ATP 3-50.3 Survival Evasion and recovery (August 2019). If you find yourself alone with your BoB or Flee Bag, these are the skills you need.


I am not a chicken little nor am I a reader/producer of Doom Porn. I tend to take an objective look at the world around me and base my decisions/actions on what I see. The governor of Georgia recently issued a Declaration of State of Emergency relating to supply chain disruptions. It takes effect 04/16/2022 and runs for 30 days. Couple this with visible shortages at local stores and online has given me cause for concern.

We have heard the President of the United States and the Treasury Secretary both warn that food shortages are a real. Couple this with unchecked inflation and poor economic policy by our government and Federal Reserve; food may become scarce or if not scarce, too expensive to purchase. Gasoline prices have also reached new highs. Some of this is due to our country going from an energy independent county to an energy dependent one. There are other wheels in motion and forces at play, but the two mentioned, tend to affect people the most.

What to do? Hopefully if you are reading my blog, you have already taken steps to prepare for this scenario. If you haven’t, the time is at hand when it will be too late. Let’s look at the questions I ask myself. Do you have enough food? You should be storing food, all kinds of food. Stack it to the rafters as my friend Joe Fox would say. How much? As much as you can. We do not know how long shortages may last or how deep they may go. Looking at the world, things could get better, or it can get really, really worse. The last place you want to be is at some supermarket fighting over the last pound of hamburger with a dozen other hungry people.

Do you have enough water? I believe that water will still be generally available at the tap, but you should still store some water. If you can’t or won’t store water, have a means to filter and purify it. Plan on needing at least 2 gallons of water a day. More if it is hot and you are exerting yourself. If you have to procure water, do so safely. In Bosnia, snipers were shooting civilians as they tried to get water for their families.

Can you maintain sanitary conditions? Poop has to go somewhere, dishes have to get washed, and bodies need to be cleaned. Have a plan if your sewer system stops working. Cat holes are not the answer.

Can you defend your family? Do your firearms work? Have they been sighted in? Do you have enough ammo? Do you train? You should be able to do the following: engage target with a pistol out to 10 yds, a shotgun 50-100 yds, and a a rifle 200+ yds. You should be able to do this rather snappy. These are minimums. No I am not saying you should shoot like an IPSC pro, that takes years of training. However, you should be able to get an accurate shot off rather quickly. And no, spray and pray is not the answer. Once your meager supply of bullet is gone, it’s gone and most rifles make terrible clubs.

Lastly, check your gear. If your haven’t checked the contents of your bug-out-bag which you stake your life on in the past couple of years, you unnecessarily reduce your chances of survival if your really have to bug-out. I’ve seen it too many times, where someone has opened their bag after a couple of years, and it was a mess. Check your stuff, replace consumable items such as batteries, replace/renew/upgrade equipment as required. It’s a real bummer to pull out a mouse eaten tarp during a cold November down pour.

Remember Aesop’s fable The Ant and the Grasshopper. The choice is yours, be an ant.

Everything is Food

Everything is food, food, food
Everything is food to go
Everything is food for thought
Everything you knead is dough
It is food
Everything is food –Harry Nilsson (Popeye 1980)

Our Federal Government is telling us there will be food shortages, and that it will be worse than the shortages during the pandemic. In my post about prepping philosophy I have 4 questions that I ask myself over and over. Prepping is not overly complicated, but it takes perseverance and stamina. My number one question is Do I have enough Food? DO YOU have enough food? Do you know what that looks like. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) recommends a two week supply. They have a PDF to to help https://www.fema.gov/pdf/library/f&web.pdf. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints recommends a 3 month supply of normally eaten foods and a years supply of long term storage foods such as wheat, rice, and pasta. More information can be found here: https://providentliving.churchofjesuschrist.org/food-storage/what-is-food-storage?lang=eng In addition to food, water should also be stored. for a sample of a years supply, check out this PDF: https://providentliving.churchofjesuschrist.org/bc/providentliving/content/resources/pdf/PD60004682_000_Home-Storage-Handout.pdf?lang=eng

This is not a new issue We go back to Aesop (620-564 BCE) and his fable the Ant and the Grasshopper.

One bright day in late autumn a family of Ants were bustling about in the warm sunshine, drying out the grain they had stored up during the summer, when a starving Grasshopper, his fiddle under his arm, came up and humbly begged for a bite to eat.“What!” cried the Ants in surprise, “haven’t you stored anything away for the winter? What in the world were you doing all last summer?” “I didn’t have time to store up any food,” whined the Grasshopper; “I was so busy making music that before I knew it the summer was gone.”The Ants shrugged their shoulders in disgust.“Making music, were you?” they cried. “Very well; now dance!” And they turned their backs on the Grasshopper and went on with their work.

Currently, in today’s world, we have choices, we can be an ant, industrious and forward thinking, or we can be a Wimpy, “I will gladly pay you Tuesday for a hamburger today.” Wimpy believes there is always a handout just around the corner, while the ant believes there is no such thing as a free lunch.

Patriarchs and Matriarchs of your family, it is your responsibility to ensure the well being of your family. I leave you with two quotes. “Do the best you can, with what you got, where you’re at” — Joe Fox and “When the time for decision arrives, the time for preparation is past” — Thomas S. Monson.